Publication of Regulation (EU) 2018/290 Limits in fatty acid esters of glycidol
Regulation (EU) No 2018/290 amending Regulation (EC) No 1881/2006 on the establishment of maximum levels for glycidol fatty acid esters was published on 27 February 2018.
Glycidol fatty acid esters are food contaminants found in vegetable oils and fats. These esters are hydrolyzed to glycidol in the gastrointestinal tract.
EFSA concluded that glycidol presented a risk to the consumer because of its genotoxic and carcinogenic properties.
It is therefore appropriate to lay down maximum limits in fatty acid esters of glycidol in vegetable oils and fats intended for placing on the market for sale to the final consumer or for use as an ingredient in foodstuffs.
In view of concerns about the health of infants and young children, stricter limits have also been set for vegetable oils and fats intended for the production of baby foods and cereal-based formulae for infants and young children as well as for infant formulae, follow-on formulae and foods for special medical purposes for infants and young children.
With regard to 3-MCPD and its fatty acid esters, EFSA has re-opened its assessment, regulatory action may be taken following the results of this assessment.
According to Article 2 of the Regulation, foodstuffs which were placed on the market before the entry into force of the Regulation may remain on the market until 19 September 2018.
The Regulation shall enter into force on the twentieth day following its publication in the Official Journal of the European Union.
Below you will find the maximum limits set out below:
|Maximum levels (µg/kg)|
|Hydrolysed vegetable protein||20|
|Glycidol fatty acid esters expressed as glycidol|
|Vegetable oils and fats placed on the market for sale to the final consumer or for use as an ingredient in foodstuffs||1 000|
|Vegetable oils and fats for the production of baby foodstuffs and processed cereal-based foods for infants and young children||500|
|Infant formulae, follow-on formulae and foodstuffs for special medical purposes for infants and young children (powdered)||75 until the 30.6.2019
50 starting from 1.7.2019
|Infant formulae, follow-on formulae and foodstuffs for special medical purposes for infants and young children (liquids)||10,0 until the 30.6.2019
6,0 starting from 1.7.2019
The laboratory is currently able to determine the content of 2-MCPD, 3-MCPD and free glycidol by GC-MS/MS with a limit of quantification of 10 µg/kg in plant products and infant milks.
The analysis of soy sauce, hydrolysed vegetable proteins and infant milk can be carried out under accreditation.
We are currently developing a method for the analysis of glycidol fatty acid esters.
For all technical, pricing and/or regulatory information, do not hesitate to contact us.