Regulation (EU) 2017/2158 establishing mitigation measures and reference levels for the reduction of acrylamide in foodstuffs was published today in the Official Journal of the European Union.

Acrylamide is a substance formed from compounds naturally present in certain foodstuffs, including asparagine and reducing sugars such as glucose and fructose at temperatures above 120°C and under conditions of low humidity.
According to the EFSA opinion published in 2015, acrylamide has carcinogenic effects for all types of consumers.

Regulation (EU) 2017/2158 establishes mitigation measures to reduce acrylamide in foodstuffs and reference levels. It is intended that these reference levels will be reviewed every three years.
The application of the mitigation measures set out in the Regulation may lead to changes in operators’ production processes, so the Regulation will only apply from 11 April 2018.

In Annex I to the Regulations, mitigation measures are specified by product type:
– Raw potato products (sliced chips, French fries and other cut potato products baked or dipped in oil)
– Chips, Snacks, Crackers and other potato products based on potato paste
– Fine bakery products
– Breakfast cereals
– Coffee
– Coffee substitutes containing more than 50% of cereals
– Coffee substitutes containing more than 50% chicory
– Baby biscuits and infant cereal
– Potted baby food (low acidity and prune-based foods)
– Bread

Annex II, Part A describes mitigation measures for operators who carry out retail activities and/or directly provide only local retail trade.

Annex II, Part B describes the additional mitigation measures to be applied by operators operating in facilities under direct control and carrying on business under a trade mark or licence. These operators must also apply the measures in Annex II, Part A.

Annex III sets out the requirements for sampling and analysis.

The following reference levels are set out in Annex IV, which also provides information on the indicative values initially laid down in the framework of Recommendation 2013/647/EU in order to make it easier to identify the resulting changes.

Foodstuff

Reference levels (µg/kg) according to Regulation 2017/2158

Guideline values (µg/kg) according to Recommendation 2013/647/EU

Fries (ready to eat)

500

600

Chips made from fresh potatoes and potato paste

750

1000

Potato Crackers

750

1000

Other potato products obtained from potato paste

750

1000

Bread (wet bread)
Wheat-based bread

50

80

Bread (wet bread) other than wheat bread

100

150

Breakfast cereals (except porridge)
Bran-based products and whole grains, pistol-blown grains

300

400

Wheat and rye products

300

300

Corn, oat, spelt, barley and rice products

150

200

Biscuits and Wafers

350

500

Crackers, excluding potato crackers

400

500

Crunchy bread

350

450

Gingerbread

800

1000

Products comparable to other products in this category

300

500

Roasted coffee

400

450

Instant coffee (soluble)

850

900

Coffee substitutes
Coffee substitutes obtained solely from cereals

500

2000

Coffee substitutes obtained from a mixture of cereals and chicory

(2)

(2)

Coffee substitutes obtained solely from chicory

4000

4000

Baby food, processed cereal-based foods for infants and young children, excluding biscuits and crackers

40

50

Biscuits and Rusks for infants and young children

150

200

(2) The reference content to be applied to coffee substitutes obtained from a mixture of cereals and chicory shall take into account the relative share of these ingredients in the final product.

Food business operators producing and placing on the market the foodstuffs concerned shall apply the specified mitigation measures and reach acrylamide levels below the reference levels.

Where reference levels are exceeded, operators should re-examine the mitigation measures in place and adapt processes and controls.

You will find the full text of this regulation at the following link: Regulation (EU) 2017/2158

Know that your Phytocontrol laboratory is able to carry out acrylamide analysis under COFRAC accreditation, the matrices concerned can be consulted via our technical appendix COFRAC N°1-1904 available in your customer portal or on the COFRAC website.

For all technical, pricing and/or regulatory inquiries, do not hesitate to contact us.