News

20Oct 2017

 

A draft Regulation (SANTE/10626/2017) is currently under discussion concerning non-renewal of approval of iprodione active substance under Regulation No 1107/2009 and amending Regulation No 540/2011.

On 8 June 2016, EFSA communicated to Commission its conclusion on whether iprodione can be expected to meet the approval criteria provided for in Article 4 of Regulation (EC) No 1107/2009.
The Authority concluded that there is a high potential for the representative uses assessed to result in groundwater exposure above the parametric drinking water limit of 0.1µg/l by the relevant metabolites of iprodione.
In addition, the Authority also concluded that there is a high long-term risk to aquatic organisms.
Furthermore, in respect of one metabolite, found as a residue in plants and as an impurity in the technical material, Authority concluded that the genotoxic potential cannot be excluded.
Currently , iprodione is a substance widely used in France. It is authorized on the following crops:
– Vegetable crops: Garlic, Asparagus, Eggplant, Carrot, Cabbage, Cucumber, Courgette, Shallot, Strawberry, Bean, Lettuce, Lentil, Melon, Onion, Bell pepper, Tomato, PPAM
– Fruit crops: Apricot, Cassissier, Cherry, Raspberry, Kiwi, Peach, Plum
– Vine

You will find the following draft regulation: SANTE/10626/2017

09Oct 2017

 

Regulation N° 2017/1777 amending Regulation (EC) N° 396/2005 as regards the MRLs for dichlorprop-P, ethephon, etridiazole, flonicamide, fluazifop-P, metaldehyde, penconazole, spinetoram and tau-fluvalinate has been published to the Official Journal of the European Union on 30 September 2017.

This Regulation shall apply from 20/10/2017.

Below are the changes to MRLs:

Dichlorprop (sum of dichlorprop (including dichlorprop-P), salts, esters and conjugates, expressed as dichlorprop)

 

New MRL

Old MRL

.           Grapefruits

0.3

0.02*

.           Lemons

0.3

0.02*

.           Limes

0.3

0.02*

.           Mandarins

0.3

0.02*

.           Others

0.3

0.02*

 


Ethephon

 

New MRL

Old MRL

.           Kaki/Japanese persimmons

0.3

0.05*

 

Etridiazole

 

New MRL

Olf MRL

.       b) Cucurbits with edible peel

0.4

.           Cucumbers

0.4

0.1

.           Gherkins

0.4

0.05*

.           Courgettes

0.4

0.05*

.           Others

0.4

0.05*

.     Honey and other apiculture products

0.05*

 

Flonicamid : sum of flonicamid, TFNA and TFNG expressed as flonicamid

 

New MRL

Old MRL

.           Apricots

0.3

0.03*

.           Head cabbages

0.5

0.03*

.           Beans (with pods)

1.5

0.03*

.          Peas (with pods)

1.5

0.03*

 

Fluazifop-P (sum of all the constituent isomers of fluazifop, its esters and its conjugates, expressed as fluazifop)

 

New MRL

Old MRL

.           Carrots

0.4

0.3 (ft)

.           Courgettes

0.03

0.01*

.           Others

0.03

0.01*

 

Metaldehyde

 

New MRL

Old MRL

.           Leeks

1.5

0.5 (ft)

 

Penconazole

 

New MRL

Old MRL

.           Table grapes

0.4

0.2

.           Wine grapes

0.4

0.2

 

Spinetoram (XDE-175)

 

New MRL

Old MRL

.           Cherries (sweet)

2

0.05*

.           Blackberries

1

0.05*

.           Dewberries

1

0.05*

.           Raspberriess (red ans yellow)

1

0.8

.           Others

1

0.05*

.           Blueberries

0.4

0.2

.           Cranberries

0.4

0.05*

.           Currants (black, red and white)

0.4

0.05*

.           Gooseberries (green, red and yellow)

0.4

0.05*

.           Rose hips

0.4

0.05*

.           Mulberries (black and white)

0.4

0.05*

.           Azaroles/Mediterranean medlars

0.4

0.05*

.           Elderberries

0.4

0.05*

.           Others

0.4

0.05*

.           Lamb’s lettuces/corn salads 4

0.05*

.           Cresses and other sprouts and shoots

4

0.05*

.           Land cresses

4

0.05*

.           Roman rocket/rucola

4

0.05*

.           Red mustards

4

0.05*

.           Baby leaf crops (inlcuding brassica species)

4

0.05*

.           Others

4

0.05*

.       b) Spinaches and similar leaves

1.5

0.05*

.       f) Herbs and edible flowers

4

0.05*

.           Leeks

0.06

0.05*

.       b) Leaves and herbs

40

0.1*

 

Tau-fluvalinate

 

New MRL

Old MRL

.           Grapefruits

0.4

0.1

.           Oranges

0.4

0.1

.           Lemons

0.4

0.1

.           Limes

0.4

0.1

.           Mandarins

0.4

0.1

.           Others

0.4

0.1

26Sep 2017

Image actu - Interdiction PBO

Piperonyl butoxide (PBO) is a synergist used in numerous pesticides. Synergists are chemical products that do not have a pesticide effect but improve the pesticide properties of other chemical products. PBO can be added to phytosanitary compositions containing pyrethrins or more generally compounds of the pyrethroid family. After ingestion by insects, PBO inhibits the secretion of certain enzymes and potentiates the insecticide properties of the phytosanitary product. PBO has harmful effects on human endocrine functions and on the environment.

Click here to see the ANSES (French Agency for Food, Environmental and Occupational Health & Safety) opinion from July 2013 on setting maximum residue limits (MRLs) for piperonyl butoxide in plants

According to the ITAB (French Research Institute for Organic Farming) guide on inputs (Instructions to the guide – September 2016), products containing PBO will be banned in organic farming according to the following timeline:

  • Removal of “AB” (organic farming) from the labels of affected products for sale and in distribution on 31 March 2017
  • Remaining stock to be used by 30 September 2017

Click below to see the lists of plant protection products and basic substances authorised in organic farming in France:

ITAB’s website will publish a new version of the guide to plant protection products authorised in organic farming in France. Products containing PBO will be removed from the list on 30 September 2017. Until then, they will be marked with an asterisk in the guide.

22Sep 2017

 

Following publication of Regulation (EU) No 2017/1495 amending Regulation (EU) 2073/2005, limit was fixed for Campylobacter spp on Carcases of broilers.

According to the EFSA Scientific Opinion on the risk of human campylobacteriosis linked to broiler meat (5), published in 2010, it is likely that handling, preparation and consumption of broiler meat accounts for 20 % to 30 % of human cases of campylobacteriosis, while 50 % to 80 % can be attributed to the chicken reservoir as a whole.
The sampling plan for the criterion on Campylobacter should follow the same testing approach as for the process hygiene criterion set for Salmonella in poultry carcases.
Regulation recommends application of International Standard EN ISO 10272-2 which defines the horizontal method for enumeration of Campylobacter in food and feed stuffs as a reference method for verifying compliance with the criterion for Campylobacter in poultry carcasses for the official laboratories.
The limit is 1000 CFU/g.

This Regulation shall apply from 1 January 2018.
Below link to Regulation:

Regulation (EU) N°2017/1495

07Sep 2017

 

It’s a first in France!

Phytocontrol is pleased to announce you that as part of our COFRAC flexible scope, its R&D department has accredited Fipronil and its metabolite Fipronil Sulfone on egg and derived products.
We have also accredited these substances in meat products.

With this accreditation, our laboratory wishes to provide you assurance of reliable analysis results.
The analysis is carried out by GC-MS / MS with a quantification limit of 0.005mg / kg and meets definition of residues as defined in the European regulation.

Please note that your Phytocontrol laboratory is able to carry out this analysis within 3 to 5 days, always with an ability to handle your emergency requests.

Please do not hesitate to contact our regional offices for further details.

29Aug 2017

The laboratory Phytocontrol is happy to announce you the renewal of the CERTIFICATION ISO 14001 in its version 2015 relative to the environmental management system.
We are committed in an approach of management of our activity impact on the environment, by spreading processes and responsible analytical equipments. Everything is implemented in the objective to reduce our energy, water and organic solvents consumption, and with an orientation of minimization of waste.

Do not hesitate to contact us for any additional information.

17Aug 2017

 

On 7 August 2017, the Ministries of Agriculture, Health and Consumption were asked by ANSES of a request for scientific and technical support for human health risks related to the presence of fipronil in eggs for consumption.

Fipronil is an active substance authorized in EU as a phytosanitary substance for certain uses (seed treatment for cover crops as well as for crops such as onion, shallot, leek and certain family of brassicaceae grown in the field with a harvest before flowering).
In France, no phytosanitary preparations based on fipronil are authorized.
Fipronil is authorized in France as an antiparasitic agent in veterinary medicines for pets. It is not used for the treatment of livestock for consumption. No consumer exposure via food is therefore expected for this type of use. The residues of fipronil found in eggs and poultry meat in July 2017 are the result of fraudulent use of this substance to treat red chicken lice.

Toxicity:
Fipronil has moderate toxicity and is not considered to be genotoxic, carcinogenic or toxic to reproduction. The effects observed in humans following acute exposure to preparations containing fipronil are generally mild. The effects that could occur if swallowed, in view of the mechanism of action of fipronil and the experimental data, are neurotoxic effects, and in particular convulsions.

Risk assessment associated with the consumption of eggs containing fipronil:
From the French consumption data it is possible to estimate the concentration of fipronil in the eggs, which should not be exceeded, so that the exposure remains below the acute reference toxicity value (ARfD of 0.009 mg / kg bw).
Based on the maximum intake for children aged 3-17 years (20.83 g / kg bw / d), this concentration would be 0.43 mg / kg of egg for the sum of fipronil and its sulphone metabolite MB461367 .

On the basis of data collected by the Agency in its national food consumption studies, the risk assessment identified the maximum amount of eggs that could be consumed at one time without Acute risk. This evaluation was carried out for different populations and based on a maximum concentration of fipronil in contaminated eggs comparable to that reported in Europe (1.2 mg / kg of egg). On this basis, the maximum quantity of eggs that can be consumed varies from one (for one child aged 1-3) to ten per day (for an adult)

The Agency’s conclusions:
If the levels of consumption of eggs or meat from contaminated chickens identified by the Agency are exceeded, the risk can not be excluded. However, given the concentrations of fipronil observed to date in contaminated products, and considering the characterization of the hazards of this substance, the risk of occurrence of health effects appears very low.

The Agency’s recommendations:
• ANSES recalls firstly that products whose concentration of fipronil exceed the MRL should not be marketed or kept on the market.
• If measurements of the level of contamination by fipronil were to be made in prepared food products that may contain contaminated eggs or egg products, it will be necessary to take into account the dilution factor of eggs or egg products in these food products to compare these results at the MRL.
• If contaminated poultry, eggs or eggs products are to be disposed of, it should be ensured that the disposal process ensures that there is no further contamination of the food chain.

08Aug 2017

German authorities have carried out several recalls of chicken eggs due to the presence of fipronil in excess of the maximum residue limit. Contaminated eggs come from the Netherlands.
The MRL for fipronil in chicken eggs is set at 0,005 mg/kg via Regulation EC N° 1127/2004 amending Regulation EC N°396/2005.

Fipronil is an anti-tick substance commonly used in insecticidal collars for dogs and cats. It is prohibited in the treatment of food-producing animals, as it is dangerous to the liver, kidneys and thyroid, according to the World Health Organization (WHO).

European authorities had notified on 20 July 2017 the presence on the Belgian market of eggs contaminated with fipronil (between 0,0031 and 1,2 mg/kg).
Following this information message, BfR carried out a health risk assessment of the residues of fipronil measured in chicken eggs. This assessment was made on the basis of an acute reference dose (ARfD) exceeding 0,009 mg per kg body weight for fipronil. ARfD is defined as the quantity of a substance per kilogram body weight that can be
ingested with one meal or within one day without any recognisable risk to the consumer.
Calculations were performed with the highest measured value of the levels of fipronil in eggs (1,2 mg of fipronil per kg of eggs). On the basis of this level and the health reference values, the BfR arrives at the following conclusion : ARfD for children is exceeded.
This does not necessarily mean that chicken egg consumption poses a concrete health risk, but it indicates a health risk is possible for children with the required margin of safety after consuming these contaminated chicken eggs.

Please note that your Phytocontrol laboratory is able to perform this analysis within 3 to 5 days. Do not hesitate to contact our regional agencies for your emergencies, we can analyze your samples in 24 hours on request.
For technical information, pricing and/or regulations, please do not hesitate to contact us.

18Jul 2017

OCHRATOXIN A :

Foodstuff

Proposed action limit
Kidneys

4 µg/kg

Fish

5 µg/kg


ERGOT ALKALOIDS
 :

Foodstuff

Proposed action limit
Wheat, rye, oats, spelt

150 µg/kg

Wheat flour, rye flour, oats flour, spelt flour

150 µg/kg
Oat groats

200 µg/kg

Bread

90 µg/kg
Rye bread

90 µg/kg

Biscuits

100 µg/kg
Cereal bars

100 µg/kg

Breakfast cereals

200 µg/kg

Cereal‐based baby foods

80 µg/kg

Wheat pasta

100 µg/kg


TROPANE ALKALOIDS
 :

Foodstuff

Proposed action limit
Cereals (buckwheat, sorghum, millet, maize)

2 µg/kg

Cereal flours

2 µg/kg
Breakfast cereals

3 µg/kg

Infusions

5 µg/kg
Tea

5 µg/kg

Oilseeds (linseed, sunflower, poppy, rapeseed, …)

8 µg/kg
Protein crops (peas, lentils, …)

10 µg/kg

Rusks

2 µg/kg
Maize starch (maïze flour meal, … )

40 µg/kg

Polenta

7 µg/kg

Limit of action : the limit where an action is to be taken.

 

FLAME RETARDANTS :

Hexabromocyclododecane (HBCDD)

Foodstuff

Proposed action limit
Dairy products (cheese, …)

500 (ng/g fat)

Milk

400 (ng/g fat)
Eggs

3000 (ng/g fat)

Vegetable oils and butter

900 (ng/g fat)
Meat

1000 (ng/g fat)

Meat preparations and meat based products (sausages, ham, …)

1000 (ng/g fat)
Fish oil based food supplements

2000 (ng/g fat)

Food for infants

10 (ng/g wet weight)
Fish

400 (ng/g wet weight)


Polybrominated diphenyl ethers
(PBDE)

Foodstuff

Proposed action limit
Dairy products (cheese, …)

40 (ng/g fat)

Milk

30 (ng/g fat)
Eggs

200 (ng/g fat)

Vegetable oils and butter

60 (ng/g fat)
Meat

80 (ng/g fat)

Meat preparations and meat based products

80 (ng/g fat)
Fish oil based food supplements

100 (ng/g fat)

Food for infants

0,7 (ng/g wet weight)
Fish

30 (ng/g wet weight)


ALKYLPERFLUORINATED COMPOUNDS
 :

Perfluorooctanesulfonic acid (PFOS)

Foodstuff

Proposed action limit
Meat

50 (µg/kg)

Milk

6 (µg/kg)
Eggs

100 (µg/kg)

Fish

150 (µg/kg)

Perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA)

Foodstuff

Proposed action limit
Meat

500 (µg/kg)

Milk

60 (µg/kg)
Eggs

1000 (µg/kg)

Fish

1500 (µg/kg)


DIOXINES ET PCB DE TYPE DIOXINES
 :

Foodstuff

Proposed action limit for PCCD/PCDF and PCB‐DL
Honey

1 (pg WHO‐TEQ/g wet weight)

Game meat (including wild rabbit)

10 (pg WHO‐TEQ/g wet weight)
Rabbit meat

3 (pg WHO‐TEQ/g wet weight)


BENZENE
 :

Foodstuff

Proposed action limit
Coffee

500 (µg/kg)

Vegetable oils

1000 (µg/kg)
Smoked fish

500 (µg/kg)

Canned meat products

150 (µg/kg)
Pâté

3000 (µg/kg)

Smoked ham

400 (µg/kg)
Breakfast cereals

200 (µg/kg)

Meat salad

300 (µg/kg)
Fish salad

200 (µg/kg)

Non‐alcoholic beverages

10 (µg/kg)
Vegetable juices

30 (µg/kg)

Flavorings used in the preparation of foodstuffs

30 (µg/kg)

Limit of action : the limit where an action is to be taken.

Know that your laboratory Phytocontrol is able to perform the analysis of certain of these chemicals contaminants.
For technical information, pricing and/or regulations, please do not hesitate to contact us.