EFSA published its report for the year 2015 on pesticide residues in food.
A total of 84341 samples were analyzed and 774 pesticides and metabolites were searched.
97.2% of samples tested in 2015 under the European Program for Monitoring of Food Pesticides are found to comply with MRLs, 53.3% free of quantifiable residues and 43.9% containing residues complying with MRLs. The overall compliance rate remains similar to the previous year for which the compliance rate was 97.1%.
As part of the European Coordinated Control Program 2015 (EUCP), 11 matrices were analyzed: Eggplants, Bananas, Broccoli, Virgin olive oil, Orange juice, Peas, Peppers, Table grapes, Wheat, Butter and . 10884 samples were analyzed and 164 pesticides were searched. 0.8% of the samples exceeded the MRLs (89 samples), 38.1% had residues below MRLs (4145) and 61.1% of the samples (6,650 samples) had residues below the limit of quantification .
The MRL was exceeded for 4 pesticides: acetamiprid (a sample from Spain), bitertanol (a sample from Romania), methomyl (a sample from Spain) and dicloran (a sample from Italy).
The MRL was exceeded for four pesticides: imazalil (in a sample from Côte d’Ivoire), endosulfan (a sample from Portugal), chlorpyrifos-methyl (a sample from Spain), fludioxonil (a sample from Guadeloupe).
The MRL was exceeded mainly for dithiocarbamates (24 samples mainly from Poland and Spain) and chlorpyrifos (6 samples from Poland, Greece, Austria and Romania). It should be noted that the residues of CS2 are not only related to the use of pesticides belonging to the group of dithiocarbamates but also come from natural compounds that mimic the presence of dithiocarbamates. This is particularly the case for brassica vegetables, such as broccoli which naturally contain CS2 precursor compounds.
Olive oil :
The MRL was exceeded for fenthion (1 sample).
Orange juice :
The most frequently found pesticides were imazalil (quantified in 10.6% of the samples tested), thiabendazole (4.3%) and carbendazim (2.5%).
For a sample containing abamectin residues, the reporting country (Belgium) identified an MRL exceeding (0.1%) by comparing the residue level measured in the juice (0.012 mg / kg) with the MRL established for Unconverted oranges (0.01 mg / kg).
The MRL was exceeded for 5 pesticides, most commonly for carbendazim (Belgium and unknown origin).
Exceedances of MRLs were noted for diniconazole, propargite, azinphos-methyl and fenthion.
The MRL was exceeded mainly for ethephon (6 samples: 2 from Cyprus, 1 from Egypt, 1 from Greece, 1 from Namibia, 1 from Peru) and tebuconazole (4 samples: 2 from Cyprus and 2 from Turkey) .
The MRL was exceeded most often for imidacloprid (2 samples from Romania).
No MRL exceeded was identified for these samples.
The MRL was exceeded for DDT and Bifenthrin (2 samples)
In general, the most non-compliant matrices (EUCP program and national programs combined) are:
For unprocessed products:
- Table olives (34.5%)
- Passion fruit (21.3%)
- The leaves of celery (20.9%)
- Tea (18.5%)
For processed products:
- Wild mushrooms (22.6%)
- Vine leaves (19%)
- Laurel leaves (16.7%)
- Peppers (12.5%)
Full details of this 2015 report can be found at the link below: