16Feb 2018

 

According to Regulation 1169/2011, substances or products causing allergies or intolerances listed in Annex II must be labelled.
These substances include crustaceans, eggs, fish, peanuts, soybeans, milk, celery, mustard, sesame seeds, lupines, molluscs and certain nuts.
In its notice 24-2017, the Scientific Committee of the FASFC proposed to use the lower limit of the 95% confidence interval of ED05 (Dose triggering an allergic reaction in 5% of a sensitive population) as the reference dose for the risk assessment of ingestion of allergenic foods.
The following reference doses (expressed in mg of protein allergenic food) are recommended by the Scientific Committee for Risk Assessment:

 

Food allergens

Proposed Reference Dose (mg of protein)

Arachid (peanut)

1,1

Milk

1,2

Egg

0,3

Hazelnuts

0,5

Nuts

0,5

Cashew nuts

0,6

Other nuts

0,5

Soybean

2,9

Wheat (and all cereals containing gluten)

1,3

Mustard

0,1

Lupin

4,5

Sesame seeds

0,4

Shrimps and prawns

12,1

Other crustaceans

Molluscs

Fish

Celery

At present, there is insufficient bibliographic data to establish a reference dose for crustaceans other than shrimps, molluscs, fish and celery.
The reference doses proposed in this opinion do not concern allergens that have been added as ingredients. In this case, the regulations require their labelling.
These doses should not be used as limits to conclude that a product is “free” from a specific allergen.

Know that your Phytocontrol laboratory is able to look for proteins in the following allergenic foods: Milk, Egg, Soya, Cereals containing Gluten and Crustaceans.
You will find the details of our COFRAC accreditations via our technical appendix COFRAC N°1-1904 available in your customer area or on the COFRAC website.

Full notice from the FASFC:
Notice 24-2017: Reference doses for allergens listed in Annex II to Regulation (EU) No. 1169/2011 of 25 October 2011.

For all technical, pricing and/or regulatory information, do not hesitate to contact your regional agency.

13Feb 2018

 

EFSA has recently published its new absorption model for pesticide residues:”Model PRIMO EFSA Rev 3” applicable since the 1st February 2018.
This file gathers the consumption data provided by the various Member States of the European Union and allows to evaluate the dietary risks of pesticide residues in particular, within the framework of setting up or revising an MRL.
The model makes it possible to assess both acute and chronic risk for the consumer.
The amendments included the addition of new food consumption data as well as an update of the classification of food products according to the latest Annex I of the current Regulation No. 396/2005.

The short-term toxicological evaluation appendices developed by our laboratory (Annex ARFD) have been completely revised taking into account the data of this new model and this, since February 1st, 2018.
These annexes are carried out within the framework of pesticide residue analysis, on the matrices identified in Annex I of Regulation 396/2005 and on request.

For further information, please contact your regional Phytocontrol agency.

02Feb 2018

 

Phytocontrol is pleased to announce that, in addition to your analyses already carried out in the laboratory, the R&D department has developed a new method for the analysis of Pyrrolizidinic Alcaloids by UFLC-MS/MS with limits of quantification ranging from 0.5 to 2µg/kg depending on the type of matrix.
The laboratory is able to detect and quantify 29 Pyrrolizidinic Alkaloids in the following products: Dry Plants, Spices, Tea, Cereals and Derivatives, Leafy Vegetables, Honey and Food Supplements.

Pyrrolizidinic alkaloids (PA) are toxins naturally produced by various plant species that may be present in certain foods. PAs pose a risk to the consumer because of their carcinogenic and genotoxic properties.

At present, these substances are not regulated by the European Union but have already been the subject of numerous studies/controls, in particular by the BFR (German Federal Institute for Risk Assessment), EFSA and DGGRF.
In the French decree of June 24,2014 establishing the list of plants, other than mushrooms, authorized in food supplements and the conditions of their use, quatité in PA is to be monitored on seeds and borage flower. A restriction requires that the preparations of this plant are authorised if it can be demonstrated that they do not exceed 1 µg/kg of pyrrolizidin alkaloids.

The analysis results will be sent to you within 3-5 days after receipt of the sample at the laboratory.

For all technical, pricing and/or regulatory information, do not hesitate to contact us.

01Feb 2018

 

A phytosanitary solution consists of one or more active ingredients and inert elements.
During a treatment, some active ingredients degrade totally or partially into another molecule called “metabolite”.
Metabolites are formed as a result of chemical reactions occurring through metabolism of the plant, pests or soil.
The Regulation (EU) 396/2005 and its amendments setting Maximum Residue Limits (MRLs) is constantly evolving and incorporates metabolites into pesticide residue definitions when necessary.
For example, until now, the residue definition of 2-Phenylphenol has been limited to this molecule. Following the publication of Regulation (EU) 2018/78 and as of 08/08/18, the residue definition will be “2-phenylphenol (sum of 2-phenylphenol and its conjugates, expressed as 2-phenylphenol)”.
According to LAB GTA 26 (Technical Accreditation Guide for Pesticide Residues prepared by COFRAC), accredited laboratories are required to submit analytical results in accordance with regulatory requirements.
The analytical result shall be reported in accordance with the regulatory residue definition and in the case of complex residue definitions involving more than one molecule, each of which shall be reported individually on the analytical report.
Appendix B of the SANTE/11813/2017 Guidance document on analytical quality control and method validation procedures for pesticide residues and analysis in food and feed, in force since 1 January 2018, provides examples of residue definitions incorporating metabolites and how they are taken into account in the analytical result.
Below you will find the link to the corresponding SANTE/11813/2017 document:

SANTE/11813/2017 document

For example, consider the current residue definition of Flonicamide:”Flonicamide: sum of flonicamide, TFNA and TFNG expressed as flonicamide”. Below you will find a description of the parent molecule and its two regulated metabolites:

Our Regulatory Department, in collaboration with our R&D Department, ensures that each change in residue definition is included in your analysis reports, in compliance with the deadlines required by European regulations.
The development of these new metabolites represents a major technological investment for Phytocontrol, as well as a dynamic development of our R&D department.

30Jan 2018

 

Since 2016, the DGCCRF has been carrying out checks on the presence of nanoparticles in foodstuffs and non-food products.
On 16 January 2018, the DGCCRF presented to the National Consumer Council the results of the controls carried out on nanomaterials in foodstuffs and cosmetic products.

In cosmetic products:
Of 40 samples analyzed, 35 revealed the presence of nanoparticles.
The DGCCRF has identified non-conformities in the labelling of certain cosmetic products analysed (presence of nanomaterials, Carbon Black and others, not labelled).
According to EC Regulation No. 1223/2009 on cosmetic products, Article 19 (1)(g):”Any ingredient in the form of a nanomaterial must be clearly indicated in the list of ingredients. The ingredient name is followed by the word “nano” in square brackets.”.

In foodstuffs:
Nanoparticles were detected in 29 of the 74 food products analysed.
Only one product mentioned, on its label, the presence of all identified nanomaterials.
According to EU Regulation 1169/2011 on consumer information on foodstuffs, Article 18 (3):”All ingredients in the form of manufactured nanomaterials are clearly indicated in the list of ingredients. The ingredient names are followed by the word” nano “in square brackets.”

The aim of this first round of checks is to ensure that professionals comply with the labelling requirements in accordance with current EU regulations.
In the event of any failure to comply, the DGCCRF will require compliance with the labelling and may even impose criminal penalties.

26Jan 2018

 

Regulation (EU) No 2018/62 of the Committee of 17 January 2018 replacing Annex I to Regulation (EC) No 396/2005 of the European Parliament and of the Council was published on 23 January 2018.

This text enters into force on 12 February 2018.

Annex I to Regulation (EC) No 396/2005 lists the products and by-products for which MRLs are set and the part to which those MRLs apply.

Below you will find a summary of the new features incorporated via this regulation:

– A note “(3)” is added on the “Sweet corn” to indicate that MRLs are for whole grain with bran.
– A note “(4)” is added on the category “CEREALS” except for Rice to indicate that “Whole grains” means whole grains with bran. In accordance with the definition agreed at the 2016 meeting of the Codex Committee on Pesticide Residues, for those species and varieties for which the husks (glum) cannot be removed (fully) by threshing (e. g. barley, oats, spelt, buckwheat, some pseudo-cereals), the part of the product to which the MRLs apply are “husked grains with traces of hulls”.
In the specific case of Rice, MRLs apply to brown rice (husked rice), defined as rice obtained after the husk has been removed from paddy rice.
– A note “(7)” has been added concerning honey. It is indicated that the MRLs defined for this category apply only to honey and not to other beekeeping products given the different chemical characteristics of this type of matrix. As a result, Pollen and Royal Jelly have been removed from the schedule.
– Matrixes have been added or moved, they are indicated in the column “Other products referring to them” below:

Main group

Other related products

Almonds Okari Nuts
Elderberries Red elderberries
Lime Limequats (formerly in Kumquat Group)
Lychees Quince tree of Bengal
Prickly pears / Cacti figs Yellow Pitayas
Maranta arundinacea Water chestnuts/ Bulrush
 

 

Horseradish

Camphorated galangal

Round turmeric

Galangal roots

Ginger roots

Japanese horseradish, Wasabia japonica

Iris roots

 

Jerusalem artichokes

Mashua / Tropaeolum tuberosum

Oxalis tuberosa / New Zealand Yam

Helianthus strumosus

Tuberous pea/ Tuberous vetchling / Earthnut pea

Eggplants Solanum laciniatum
Headed cabbages / Napa cabbage Crambe maritima / Sea kale / Crambe
Green cabbage Lacinato kale / Cavolo nero

Radish leaves

Purslane Carpobrotus edulis
Rosemary Santolina
Bay leaves Pandanus leaves / Pandan/ Screw palm
Seaweeds and prokaryotes Ascophyllum nodosum / Favach / Feamainn bhuí
Buckwheat and other pseudo-cereals Chia seed
Wheat Tritordeum
Infusions – Strawberries Muña /
Nutmeg Monodora myristica / Calabash nutmeg
25Jan 2018

Phytocontrol takes part in the 19th edition of the Carrefour des Gérance Locales de l’ Eau at the Parc des Expositions de Rennes from the 24 to the 25 of January 2018.

Our Laboratory is one of the 20 actors who bring innovations in the fields of water management and environment on the Innovation Village. This pavilion, located in Hall 4 – stand 443, is organized by the 3 competitiveness clusters dedicated to water issues, namely Aqua-Valley, Dream and Hydreos. As a member of these 3 clusters, Phytocontrol is dedicated to water safety and offers a complete analytical offer using innovative, fast and reliable methods.

18Jan 2018

 

Two new European regulations have just been published in the Official Journal of the European Union:

  • Commission Regulation (EU) 2018/70 of 16 January 2018 amending Annexes II, III and IV to Regulation (EC) No 396/2005 of the European Parliament and of the Council as regards maximum residue limits for ametoctradine, chlorpyrifos-methyl, cyproconazole, difenoconazole, fluazinam, flutriafol, prohexadione
    Among the amendments introduced by this Regulation:
    The MRL of Ametoctradin on herbs is increased from 0.01mg/kg to 20mg/kg.
    MRLs for methyl chlorpyrifos on pomegranate and khaki increased from 0.05 to 0.3 and 0.05 to 0.5 mg/kg respectively.
    The MRL of cyproconazole on borage seeds is increased from 0.05 to 0.4mg/kg.
    MRLs for difenoconazole on Strawberries, Cabbage, Lettuce, Scarole, Watercress, Young Shoots, Fine Herbs, Leek, Leek, Barley, Licorice, Ginger and Turmeric have been revised upwards.
    MRLs for Fluazinam on garlic, onion and shallot increased from 0.01 to 0.06 mg/kg.
    The MRL of Flutriafol on Hops increased from 0.05 to 20 mg/kg.
    The MRL of Prohexadione on Plum decreased from 0.01 to 0.05mg/kg.
    Sodium chloride has been included in Schedule IV of the Regulations.

This text was published on 17/01/18 and will enter into force on the 20th day following its publication.

  • Committee Regulation (EU) 2018/73 of 16 January 2018 amending Annexes II and III to Regulation (EC) No 396/2005 of the European Parliament and of the Council as regards maximum residue limits for mercury compounds in or on certain products.
    As Directive 79/117/EEC prohibits the placing on the market and use of plant protection products containing mercury, all MRLs were set at the threshold of detection under Regulation (EU) 149/2008.
    MRLs for mercury compounds had never been revised since the European harmonization of MRLs.
    The special feature of this new regulation is that it takes into account for the first time the presence of mercury due to environmental contamination.
    Among the amendments introduced by this Regulation:
    The MRL on nuts increased from 0.01 to 0.02 mg/kg.
    The MRL for herbs increased from 0.01 to 0.03 mg/kg.
    The MRL on mushrooms has increased from 0.01 to 0.05 mg/kg.
    MRLs for wild mushrooms increased from 0.01 to 0.5mg/kg except for ceps where it was set at 0.9mg/kg.
    MRLs for ginger, turmeric and mace increased from 0.02 to 0.05mg/kg.

This text was published on 18/01/18 and will enter into force on the 20th day following its publication.

For all technical, tariff or regulatory information, do not hesitate to contact us.

12Jan 2018

 

In a Scientific Opinion published on 10 January 2018, EFSA updated the Tolerable Daily Intake (TDI) for 3-MCPD.

In 2016, EFSA first assessed the potential risks of 3-MCPD and glycidyl esters of the fatty acids in 2016.

EFSA concluded that glycidyl esters were genotoxic and carcinogenic compounds which means that they can damage DNA and cause cancer.

EFSA decided to re-examine its 2016 assessment following the publication by the Joint FAO/WHO Expert Committee on Food Additives (JECFA) of a different TDI than their 2016 assessment (TDI established by JECFA: 4µg/kg bw).

The method used by EFSA to calculate the originally provided TDI was updated with a new approach called benchmark dose (BMD).

This re-evaluation established a TDI of 2 µg/kg bw closer to the TDI established by JECFA.

EFSA and JECFA used the same toxicological data but employed different techniques for dose benchmark modelling.

Despite these technical differences, the two organizations reached the same general conclusions about the possible adverse effects of 3-MCPD and the level of public health concern.

The update concerns only 3-MCPD and its esters. The evaluation carried out for glycidyl esters has not been modified.

The laboratory is able to determine the content of 3-MCPD in plant products and infant milks. The analysis of soy sauce, hydrolysed vegetable proteins, tea, cocoa and infant milk can be carried out under accreditation.

For all technical, tariff and/or regulatory information, do not hesitate to contact us