21Nov 2017

 

Regulation (EU) 2017/2158 establishing mitigation measures and reference levels for the reduction of acrylamide in foodstuffs was published today in the Official Journal of the European Union.

Acrylamide is a substance formed from compounds naturally present in certain foodstuffs, including asparagine and reducing sugars such as glucose and fructose at temperatures above 120°C and under conditions of low humidity.
According to the EFSA opinion published in 2015, acrylamide has carcinogenic effects for all types of consumers.

Regulation (EU) 2017/2158 establishes mitigation measures to reduce acrylamide in foodstuffs and reference levels. It is intended that these reference levels will be reviewed every three years.
The application of the mitigation measures set out in the Regulation may lead to changes in operators’ production processes, so the Regulation will only apply from 11 April 2018.

In Annex I to the Regulations, mitigation measures are specified by product type:
– Raw potato products (sliced chips, French fries and other cut potato products baked or dipped in oil)
– Chips, Snacks, Crackers and other potato products based on potato paste
– Fine bakery products
– Breakfast cereals
– Coffee
– Coffee substitutes containing more than 50% of cereals
– Coffee substitutes containing more than 50% chicory
– Baby biscuits and infant cereal
– Potted baby food (low acidity and prune-based foods)
– Bread

Annex II, Part A describes mitigation measures for operators who carry out retail activities and/or directly provide only local retail trade.

Annex II, Part B describes the additional mitigation measures to be applied by operators operating in facilities under direct control and carrying on business under a trade mark or licence. These operators must also apply the measures in Annex II, Part A.

Annex III sets out the requirements for sampling and analysis.

The following reference levels are set out in Annex IV, which also provides information on the indicative values initially laid down in the framework of Recommendation 2013/647/EU in order to make it easier to identify the resulting changes.

Foodstuff

Reference levels (µg/kg) according to Regulation 2017/2158

Guideline values (µg/kg) according to Recommendation 2013/647/EU

Fries (ready to eat)

500

600

Chips made from fresh potatoes and potato paste

750

1000

Potato Crackers

750

1000

Other potato products obtained from potato paste

750

1000

Bread (wet bread)
Wheat-based bread

50

80

Bread (wet bread) other than wheat bread

100

150

Breakfast cereals (except porridge)
Bran-based products and whole grains, pistol-blown grains

300

400

Wheat and rye products

300

300

Corn, oat, spelt, barley and rice products

150

200

Biscuits and Wafers

350

500

Crackers, excluding potato crackers

400

500

Crunchy bread

350

450

Gingerbread

800

1000

Products comparable to other products in this category

300

500

Roasted coffee

400

450

Instant coffee (soluble)

850

900

Coffee substitutes
Coffee substitutes obtained solely from cereals

500

2000

Coffee substitutes obtained from a mixture of cereals and chicory

(2)

(2)

Coffee substitutes obtained solely from chicory

4000

4000

Baby food, processed cereal-based foods for infants and young children, excluding biscuits and crackers

40

50

Biscuits and Rusks for infants and young children

150

200

(2) The reference content to be applied to coffee substitutes obtained from a mixture of cereals and chicory shall take into account the relative share of these ingredients in the final product.

Food business operators producing and placing on the market the foodstuffs concerned shall apply the specified mitigation measures and reach acrylamide levels below the reference levels.

Where reference levels are exceeded, operators should re-examine the mitigation measures in place and adapt processes and controls.

You will find the full text of this regulation at the following link: Regulation (EU) 2017/2158

Know that your Phytocontrol laboratory is able to carry out acrylamide analysis under COFRAC accreditation, the matrices concerned can be consulted via our technical appendix COFRAC N°1-1904 available in your customer portal or on the COFRAC website.

For all technical, pricing and/or regulatory inquiries, do not hesitate to contact us.

20Nov 2017

 

Regulation (EU) No 2017/2091 concerning the non-renewal of the approval of the active substance Iprodione was published in the EU OJ on 15 November 2017.

An application for renewal had been submitted and a renewal evaluation report had been sent to EFSA and the Commission on 3 November 2015.

On 8 June 2016, EFSA communicated its findings to the Commission.

The uses of Iprodione present a high risk for groundwater in which relevant metabolites of iprodione exceed the parametric value of 0.1? g/l for drinking water. Therefore, there is a high long-term risk to aquatic organisms.

On the other hand, the genotoxic potential of a metabolite found as a residue in plants and as an impurity in technical equipment and an acute risk to the consumer could not be excluded.

Iprodione is also classified in category 2 of carcinogens in accordance with Regulation (EC) No 1272/2008, while EFSA concludes that iprodione should be classified as carcinogen category 1B and as a category 2 reproductive toxicant.

Authorisations for plant protection products containing iprodione must be withdrawn before 5 March 2018, with a period of grace expiring on 5 June 2018 at the latest.

At Iprodione is currently licensed in France for the following matrices: Garlic, Asparagus, Aubergine, Carrot, Cabbage, Cabbage, Cucumber, Pepper, Tomato, Zucchini, Shallot, Onions, Beans, Peas, Lettuce, Melon, Strawberry, Apricot, Blackcurrant, Cherry, Raspberry, etc.

You will find attached the corresponding EU Regulation: EU Regulation N°2017/2091

Know that your Phytocontrol laboratory is able to look for Iprodione with a LQ of 0.01mg/kg.

For all technical, pricing and/or regulatory inquiries, do not hesitate to contact us.

06Nov 2017

 

The European regulation N°1169/2011 requires a nutrition declaration on foodstuff. The nutrition declaration must be presented in the form of a table (or if there is a lack of place, in line). All elements of the nutrition declaration should appear together in the same field of vision:  the labelling of the energy value and the quantities of some nutrients (fat, saturates, carbohydrates, protein, sugars and salt).

As this table may be difficult to understand, the French government recommends a complementary nutrition information to facilitate understanding for consumers. The European regulation N°1169/2011 allow each country to develop complementary nutrition information.

The order of 31 October 2017 regulating the form of presentation recommended by the French government under Articles L. 3232-8 and R. 3232-7 of the Public Health Code was published in the Journal Officiel of the French Republic of the 3rd November 2017.

This complementary framework is named Nutri-score. The label is a colourful scale (from pale green to orange) associated to letters from A (“best nutritional quality”) to E (“low nutritional quality”). The order gives in annexe the specifications to calculate the food nutritional score and to class them on the scale.

This nutritional score takes account of different parameters:

  • The negative component of the product (“N”). In this negative component can be find: caloric density (available energy value expressed in kJ per 100g), the saturated fatty acid levels, simple sugars (in g per 100g of food) and in salt (in mg per 100g of food)
  • The positive component of the product (“P”). In this positive component can be find: the estimate fruit and vegetable content, the vitamins and the fibre and proteins content (in g per 100g of food)

For each parameter, points are allocated to the products. Apart for specific rules, the Nutri-score is calculated as below: Nutritional score= total point “N” – Total point “P”

This is the ranking of the foodstuff:

  • A rank: score < or equal to -1 (dark green)
  • B rank: score from 0 to 2 (clear green)
  • C rank: score from 3 to 10 (clear orange)
  • D rank: score from 11 to 18 (orange)
  • E rank: score > or equal to 19 (dark orange)

Below, you will find the complete order: Arrêté du 03/11/17 Nutri-Score

03Nov 2017

 

In the past few months, mineral oils MOSH and MOAH have been detected on several foodstuffs, making high profile news stories.
Mineral oil contamination in food can have different sources, such as:
– contamination from the environment, transportation and production processes
– voluntary use of mineral oil as a food additive or as a processing aid
– from materials in food contact (packaging made from recycled paper and board, or mineral-oil-based printing inks)
In this context in July 2017, Phytocontrol launched of a new analytical method for mineral oils (MOSH/MOAH).

The method, developed in the laboratory, is realised by LC/GC/FID. It allows the detection of MOSH/POSH and MOAH from C10 to C35 with quantification limits of 0.2 to 1mg/kg in wine, edible oils, cereal products and sugars.

To date, no limits was established in the European regulation. However, the Belgian Food Authority (FASFC) established the thresholds for mineral oil contamination in certain foodstuffs in its legal notice 19-2017.

MOSH:

Below, maximum levels of MOSH (C16 to C35) in edible foods:

– Dairy products: 5mg/kg
– Fruits and fruit-based products: 10mg/kg
– Compound foodstuffs (including frozen products): 10mg/kg
– Cereals and cereals products: 15mg/kg
– Vegetables and plant products: 20mg/kg
– Starchy roots or tubers: 20mg/kg
– Snacks, desserts and others: 20mg/kg
– Meat and meat products: 30mg/kg
– Sugar and sweets: 30mg/kg
– Fish and seafood products: 60mg/kg
– Herbs and spices: 70mg/kg
– Animal and vegetable fats and oils: 100mg/kg
– Oilseeds, pulse crops and nuts: 150mg/kg
– Eggs and egg products: 150mg/kg

MOAH:

Regarding the MOAH, no limits was established by the FASFC due to the lack of toxicity data. It is recommended, nevertheless, to use the BFR limits of 0,5 mg/kg food for MOAH C16-C35.

Below, you will find the complete AFSCA notice:
Limites-daction-AFSCA-2017

Please do not hesitate to contact us with any questions you may have regarding technical, regulatory or tariffs information.

 

20Oct 2017

 

A draft Regulation (SANTE/10626/2017) is currently under discussion concerning non-renewal of approval of iprodione active substance under Regulation No 1107/2009 and amending Regulation No 540/2011.

On 8 June 2016, EFSA communicated to Commission its conclusion on whether iprodione can be expected to meet the approval criteria provided for in Article 4 of Regulation (EC) No 1107/2009.
The Authority concluded that there is a high potential for the representative uses assessed to result in groundwater exposure above the parametric drinking water limit of 0.1µg/l by the relevant metabolites of iprodione.
In addition, the Authority also concluded that there is a high long-term risk to aquatic organisms.
Furthermore, in respect of one metabolite, found as a residue in plants and as an impurity in the technical material, Authority concluded that the genotoxic potential cannot be excluded.
Currently , iprodione is a substance widely used in France. It is authorized on the following crops:
– Vegetable crops: Garlic, Asparagus, Eggplant, Carrot, Cabbage, Cucumber, Courgette, Shallot, Strawberry, Bean, Lettuce, Lentil, Melon, Onion, Bell pepper, Tomato, PPAM
– Fruit crops: Apricot, Cassissier, Cherry, Raspberry, Kiwi, Peach, Plum
– Vine

You will find the following draft regulation: SANTE/10626/2017

09Oct 2017

 

Regulation N° 2017/1777 amending Regulation (EC) N° 396/2005 as regards the MRLs for dichlorprop-P, ethephon, etridiazole, flonicamide, fluazifop-P, metaldehyde, penconazole, spinetoram and tau-fluvalinate has been published to the Official Journal of the European Union on 30 September 2017.

This Regulation shall apply from 20/10/2017.

Below are the changes to MRLs:

Dichlorprop (sum of dichlorprop (including dichlorprop-P), salts, esters and conjugates, expressed as dichlorprop)

 

New MRL

Old MRL

.           Grapefruits

0.3

0.02*

.           Lemons

0.3

0.02*

.           Limes

0.3

0.02*

.           Mandarins

0.3

0.02*

.           Others

0.3

0.02*

 


Ethephon

 

New MRL

Old MRL

.           Kaki/Japanese persimmons

0.3

0.05*

 

Etridiazole

 

New MRL

Olf MRL

.       b) Cucurbits with edible peel

0.4

.           Cucumbers

0.4

0.1

.           Gherkins

0.4

0.05*

.           Courgettes

0.4

0.05*

.           Others

0.4

0.05*

.     Honey and other apiculture products

0.05*

 

Flonicamid : sum of flonicamid, TFNA and TFNG expressed as flonicamid

 

New MRL

Old MRL

.           Apricots

0.3

0.03*

.           Head cabbages

0.5

0.03*

.           Beans (with pods)

1.5

0.03*

.          Peas (with pods)

1.5

0.03*

 

Fluazifop-P (sum of all the constituent isomers of fluazifop, its esters and its conjugates, expressed as fluazifop)

 

New MRL

Old MRL

.           Carrots

0.4

0.3 (ft)

.           Courgettes

0.03

0.01*

.           Others

0.03

0.01*

 

Metaldehyde

 

New MRL

Old MRL

.           Leeks

1.5

0.5 (ft)

 

Penconazole

 

New MRL

Old MRL

.           Table grapes

0.4

0.2

.           Wine grapes

0.4

0.2

 

Spinetoram (XDE-175)

 

New MRL

Old MRL

.           Cherries (sweet)

2

0.05*

.           Blackberries

1

0.05*

.           Dewberries

1

0.05*

.           Raspberriess (red ans yellow)

1

0.8

.           Others

1

0.05*

.           Blueberries

0.4

0.2

.           Cranberries

0.4

0.05*

.           Currants (black, red and white)

0.4

0.05*

.           Gooseberries (green, red and yellow)

0.4

0.05*

.           Rose hips

0.4

0.05*

.           Mulberries (black and white)

0.4

0.05*

.           Azaroles/Mediterranean medlars

0.4

0.05*

.           Elderberries

0.4

0.05*

.           Others

0.4

0.05*

.           Lamb’s lettuces/corn salads 4

0.05*

.           Cresses and other sprouts and shoots

4

0.05*

.           Land cresses

4

0.05*

.           Roman rocket/rucola

4

0.05*

.           Red mustards

4

0.05*

.           Baby leaf crops (inlcuding brassica species)

4

0.05*

.           Others

4

0.05*

.       b) Spinaches and similar leaves

1.5

0.05*

.       f) Herbs and edible flowers

4

0.05*

.           Leeks

0.06

0.05*

.       b) Leaves and herbs

40

0.1*

 

Tau-fluvalinate

 

New MRL

Old MRL

.           Grapefruits

0.4

0.1

.           Oranges

0.4

0.1

.           Lemons

0.4

0.1

.           Limes

0.4

0.1

.           Mandarins

0.4

0.1

.           Others

0.4

0.1

26Sep 2017

Image actu - Interdiction PBO

Piperonyl butoxide (PBO) is a synergist used in numerous pesticides. Synergists are chemical products that do not have a pesticide effect but improve the pesticide properties of other chemical products. PBO can be added to phytosanitary compositions containing pyrethrins or more generally compounds of the pyrethroid family. After ingestion by insects, PBO inhibits the secretion of certain enzymes and potentiates the insecticide properties of the phytosanitary product. PBO has harmful effects on human endocrine functions and on the environment.

Click here to see the ANSES (French Agency for Food, Environmental and Occupational Health & Safety) opinion from July 2013 on setting maximum residue limits (MRLs) for piperonyl butoxide in plants

According to the ITAB (French Research Institute for Organic Farming) guide on inputs (Instructions to the guide – September 2016), products containing PBO will be banned in organic farming according to the following timeline:

  • Removal of “AB” (organic farming) from the labels of affected products for sale and in distribution on 31 March 2017
  • Remaining stock to be used by 30 September 2017

Click below to see the lists of plant protection products and basic substances authorised in organic farming in France:

ITAB’s website will publish a new version of the guide to plant protection products authorised in organic farming in France. Products containing PBO will be removed from the list on 30 September 2017. Until then, they will be marked with an asterisk in the guide.

22Sep 2017

 

Following publication of Regulation (EU) No 2017/1495 amending Regulation (EU) 2073/2005, limit was fixed for Campylobacter spp on Carcases of broilers.

According to the EFSA Scientific Opinion on the risk of human campylobacteriosis linked to broiler meat (5), published in 2010, it is likely that handling, preparation and consumption of broiler meat accounts for 20 % to 30 % of human cases of campylobacteriosis, while 50 % to 80 % can be attributed to the chicken reservoir as a whole.
The sampling plan for the criterion on Campylobacter should follow the same testing approach as for the process hygiene criterion set for Salmonella in poultry carcases.
Regulation recommends application of International Standard EN ISO 10272-2 which defines the horizontal method for enumeration of Campylobacter in food and feed stuffs as a reference method for verifying compliance with the criterion for Campylobacter in poultry carcasses for the official laboratories.
The limit is 1000 CFU/g.

This Regulation shall apply from 1 January 2018.
Below link to Regulation:

Regulation (EU) N°2017/1495

07Sep 2017

 

It’s a first in France!

Phytocontrol is pleased to announce you that as part of our COFRAC flexible scope, its R&D department has accredited Fipronil and its metabolite Fipronil Sulfone on egg and derived products.
We have also accredited these substances in meat products.

With this accreditation, our laboratory wishes to provide you assurance of reliable analysis results.
The analysis is carried out by GC-MS / MS with a quantification limit of 0.005mg / kg and meets definition of residues as defined in the European regulation.

Please note that your Phytocontrol laboratory is able to carry out this analysis within 3 to 5 days, always with an ability to handle your emergency requests.

Please do not hesitate to contact our regional offices for further details.