20Apr 2017

photo actu efsa 2015

 

EFSA published its report for the year 2015 on pesticide residues in food.
A total of 84341 samples were analyzed and 774 pesticides and metabolites were searched.
97.2% of samples tested in 2015 under the European Program for Monitoring of Food Pesticides are found to comply with MRLs, 53.3% free of quantifiable residues and 43.9% containing residues complying with MRLs. The overall compliance rate remains similar to the previous year for which the compliance rate was 97.1%.
As part of the European Coordinated Control Program 2015 (EUCP), 11 matrices were analyzed: Eggplants, Bananas, Broccoli, Virgin olive oil, Orange juice, Peas, Peppers, Table grapes, Wheat, Butter and . 10884 samples were analyzed and 164 pesticides were searched. 0.8% of the samples exceeded the MRLs (89 samples), 38.1% had residues below MRLs (4145) and 61.1% of the samples (6,650 samples) had residues below the limit of quantification .
Eggplants:
The MRL was exceeded for 4 pesticides: acetamiprid (a sample from Spain), bitertanol (a sample from Romania), methomyl (a sample from Spain) and dicloran (a sample from Italy).
Bananas:
The MRL was exceeded for four pesticides: imazalil (in a sample from Côte d’Ivoire), endosulfan (a sample from Portugal), chlorpyrifos-methyl (a sample from Spain), fludioxonil (a sample from Guadeloupe).
Broccoli:
The MRL was exceeded mainly for dithiocarbamates (24 samples mainly from Poland and Spain) and chlorpyrifos (6 samples from Poland, Greece, Austria and Romania). It should be noted that the residues of CS2 are not only related to the use of pesticides belonging to the group of dithiocarbamates but also come from natural compounds that mimic the presence of dithiocarbamates. This is particularly the case for brassica vegetables, such as broccoli which naturally contain CS2 precursor compounds.
Olive oil :
The MRL was exceeded for fenthion (1 sample).
Orange juice :
The most frequently found pesticides were imazalil (quantified in 10.6% of the samples tested), thiabendazole (4.3%) and carbendazim (2.5%).
For a sample containing abamectin residues, the reporting country (Belgium) identified an MRL exceeding (0.1%) by comparing the residue level measured in the juice (0.012 mg / kg) with the MRL established for Unconverted oranges (0.01 mg / kg).
Peas:
The MRL was exceeded for 5 pesticides, most commonly for carbendazim (Belgium and unknown origin).
Pepper :
Exceedances of MRLs were noted for diniconazole, propargite, azinphos-methyl and fenthion.
Table Grapes:
The MRL was exceeded mainly for ethephon (6 samples: 2 from Cyprus, 1 from Egypt, 1 from Greece, 1 from Namibia, 1 from Peru) and tebuconazole (4 samples: 2 from Cyprus and 2 from Turkey) .
Wheat :
The MRL was exceeded most often for imidacloprid (2 samples from Romania).
Butter :
No MRL exceeded was identified for these samples.
Egg:
The MRL was exceeded for DDT and Bifenthrin (2 samples)

In general, the most non-compliant matrices (EUCP program and national programs combined) are:
For unprocessed products:
– Table olives (34.5%)
– Passion fruit (21.3%)
– The leaves of celery (20.9%)
– Tea (18.5%)
For processed products:
– Wild mushrooms (22.6%)
– Vine leaves (19%)
– Laurel leaves (16.7%)
– Peppers (12.5%)

Full details of this 2015 report can be found at the link below:

http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.2903/j.efsa.2017.4791/epdf

16Mar 2017

In cosmetics 2017

Phytocontrol Laboratory will be present on April, 4th, 5th and 6th in the In Cosmetics February show in London. Meet 800 suppliers in just 3 days!

Discover the latest ingredients and emerging technologies. Find new formulations to optimise your products. Attend a unique educational programme on market trends, regulations, formulation, and scientific advances.

So we invite you to come and visit us on Stand D56 in the French hall!

In-cosmetics Global

ExCel London – One Western Gateway

Royal Victoria Dock – London

13Mar 2017

Image actu - Interdiction PBO

Piperonyl butoxide (PBO) is a synergist used in numerous pesticides. Synergists are chemical products that do not have a pesticide effect but improve the pesticide properties of other chemical products. PBO can be added to phytosanitary compositions containing pyrethrins or more generally compounds of the pyrethroid family. After ingestion by insects, PBO inhibits the secretion of certain enzymes and potentiates the insecticide properties of the phytosanitary product. PBO has harmful effects on human endocrine functions and on the environment.

Click here to see the ANSES (French Agency for Food, Environmental and Occupational Health & Safety) opinion from July 2013 on setting maximum residue limits (MRLs) for piperonyl butoxide in plants

According to the ITAB (French Research Institute for Organic Farming) guide on inputs (Instructions to the guide – September 2016), products containing PBO will be banned in organic farming according to the following timeline:

  • Removal of “AB” (organic farming) from the labels of affected products for sale and in distribution on 31 March 2017
  • Remaining stock to be used by 30 September 2017

Click below to see the lists of plant protection products and basic substances authorised in organic farming in France:

ITAB’s website will publish a new version of the guide to plant protection products authorised in organic farming in France. Products containing PBO will be removed from the list on 30 September 2017. Until then, they will be marked with an asterisk in the guide.

03Mar 2017

Image actu V2

Definition

The World Health Organization defines an endocrine disruptor (EDC) as “an exogenous substance or mixture that alters function(s) of the endocrine system and consequently causes adverse health effects in an intact organism, or its progeny, or (sub)populations. A potential endocrine disruptor is an exogenous substance or mixture that possesses properties that might be expected to lead to endocrine disruption in an intact organism, or its progeny, or (sub)populations.”

Origin

In general, EDCs are naturally-occurring (hormones), medical (contraceptives) or synthetic (industrial products) chemical substances that are found in common consumer products, agricultural treatments and cosmetics and can interfere with human endocrine gland function.

According to a report by ANSES (French Agency for Food, Environmental and Occupational Health & Safety; updated on 22/05/2014), EDCs can have various effects on the body, including:

  • Mimicking the action of a natural hormone and thus eliciting the response caused by the hormone
  • Preventing a hormone from binding and thus from transmitting its signal
  • Disrupting the production or control of hormones or hormone receptors.

At present, suspected substances include pesticides, bisphenol A, phthalates and brominated compounds.

Current legislation

Various European authorities are working with member states to try to identify relevant criteria for classifying these substances. The Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) has put in place protocols for detecting effects related to endocrine disruptors. European legislation does not currently include a universally accepted definition or criteria.

Phytocontrol’s expertise

Our laboratory can determine the concentrations of the following substances in food matrices and/or in water:

  • pesticide residues (biocides, phytopharmaceuticals, synthetic pyrethroids): several dozen active materials currently tested by Phytocontrol are suspected of being endocrine disruptors
  • chlordecone, ethylene thiourea
  • bisphenol A, 4-nonylphenol
  • acrylamide
  • ortho-phenylphenol (OPP)
  • heavy metals and organotin compounds
  • mycotoxins
  • phthalates
  • HAPs
  • dioxins
  • PCB
  • furans
  • veterinary residues
20Feb 2017

SITE-Ouverture_BTS-CHIMIE

The Phytocontrol laboratory, in partnership with the CFA Languedoc-Roussillon based in Marguerittes, is delighted to announce the opening of the new BTS Métiers de la chemie en alternance in early September 2017.

See the BTS brochure

For more information about the training, you can contact the CFA Languedoc-Roussillon based in Marguerittes (France) on 04 66 87 97 59.

03Feb 2017

Phytocontrol Laboratory will be present on February 8th, 9th and 10th at the Fruit Logistica show in Berlin.

About 3000 exhibitors and 70.000 visitors are expected this year for this world high mass of the sector Fruit and Vegetables.

This show covers every sectors of fresh fruit and vegetable and supplies a complete image of the last innovations, products and services.

Historically present since its creation, asserting its implication in the service of the Fruit and Vegetables sector , Phytocontrol will expose again within the french hall.

So we invite you to come to meet our teams on our stand A-02, Hall 22

24Jan 2017

image actu EFSA

In 2015-2016, EFSA and European Union member states worked together to collect data for the monitoring and evaluation of chemical products in food. This report deals with various topic related to food safety:

–        Pesticide residues:

In 2014, 83,000 samples were analysed by the 28 EU member states, Iceland and Norway through national monitoring programs. 778 different pesticides and metabolites were tested. 97.1% of the samples tested were compliant with MRLs, which is in line with previous years. The pesticides that most often exceeded MRLs were: chlorpyrifos, carbendazim, dimethoate, acetamiprid, imidacloprid, anthraquinone, iprodione, fosetyl-Al, hexaconazole, cypermethrin, profenofos and dithiocarbamates.

The program coordinated by the EU covered a total of 213 pesticides: 191 in food of plant origin and 58 in food of animal origin, in 12 different matrices.

It was concluded that for the majority of the samples analysed, short-term exposure (acute risk) could be judged negligible or not likely to pose health problems for consumers, but a possible short-term risk to the health of consumers could not be totally excluded. EFSA believes, however, that the pesticide residues in this program do not pose a risk to consumer health in the long-term (chronic risk). More information

–        Veterinary drug residues in animals and in food:

The data collected in 2014 on the 730,000 samples analysed shows high levels of compliance, even if the non-compliance rate of the targeted samples increased slightly over previous years (.37%; contaminants in question: metals and mycotoxins) More information

–        Acrylamide in foodstuffs:

With the data collected between 2010 and 2013, CONTAM scientists were able to confirm previous studies that found that acrylamide in food potentially increases the risk of cancer for consumers of all ages. The types of food that contribute the most to acrylamide exposure are fried potato products, coffee, biscuits, bread and toast. The choice of ingredients, the storage method and the cooking temperature can influence the quantity of acrylamide formed in the various food products and thus the level of exposure.

EFSA and the member states published an infographic with tips for reducing the level of acrylamide in food, accessible through the following link: here 

–        Fatty acid esters of glycidol and 3-MCPD in vegetable oils and foodstuffs:

The highest concentrations of fatty acid esters of glycidol (GE) and of 3-MCPD and 2-MCPD (including the esters thereof) were found in palm oil and palm fats, followed by other oils and fats. Nevertheless, the scientific panel’s review revealed that the levels of GE in palm oils and palm fats were cut in half between 2010 and 2015, due to voluntary measures adopted by producers. More information

Click here to see the complete EFSA report

And be sure to check out these two videos from EFSA:

–        Pesticides in the food industry

–        Process contaminants

In addition, EFSA has just revealed its new database: OpenFoodTox, available here!

This tool compiles the data on more than 4,000 chemical substances and more than 1,600 EFSA scientific opinions published since 2002.

04Jan 2017

montage_glyphosate

 The glyphosate is a phytosanitary product absorbed by leaves, classified in the category of weed-killers. It is a non-selective systematic weed-killer, called “total”, the most used in the world for the agricultural, urban and industrial weeding. It degrades mainly in grounds. We also find it in the water, the rivers and in groundwaters.

The glyphosate can be present, according to the conditions, under three forms (acid, monovalent, divalent):

3 formes

 

The LMR (Maximal Limit of Residue) of the glyphosate include these three forms, and vary according to the type of matrices. A single cation of its salts is regulated this day, the sulfosate. During its degradation, the glyphosate generates a known metabolite: the aminométhylphosphoniq acid(or AMPA).

AMPA

Phytocontrol answers the statutory criteria by making analyses:

– Of the glyphosate (and of its product of degradation the AMPA) under COFRAC accreditation,

– Of the sulfosate or the Trimethylsulfonium cation resulting from the use of glyphosate.