EFSA has published its annual report on pesticide residues in food in 2010.
The report presents the results of checks carried out in 2010 in the 27 Member States and two EFTA countries: Iceland and Norway.
It’s 77,000 samples representing 500 different types of food that were analyzed for pesticide residues by the competent national authorities.
In every European country and in accordance with the regulations, two types of monitoring programs are in place: control at the national level (managed by each country) and a program coordinated by the EUROPEAN UNION for which specific controls are required.

    According to the program coordinated by the EU, 178 pesticides were analyzed in 2010: 157 on vegetable product and 34 on animal product. The European program has established control over the following matrices: apples, cabbages, leeks, lettuce, milk, peaches, pears, oats, rye, strawberries, tomatoes and swine meat.
On 12,168 samples collected and analyzed across the EU, 1.6% of samples were found not to comply with European regulations (pesticide content> MRL), 47.7% of the samples had concentrations below the MRL and 50,7% were free of measurable pesticide.
143 pesticides were detected in the 178 researched and presented 73 MRL exceedances.
The highest percentage of samples exceeding the MRL were identified for oats (5.3%), followed by lettuce (3.4%), strawberry (2.8%), peach (1.8% ), apples (1.3%), poires (1.3%), tomatoes (1.2%), leek (1.0%), cabbage (0.9%) and rye (0.3 %). In animal products (milk and pigmeat) no MRL exceedances were identified.
Couples pesticides / matrices for which MRL exceedances were most frequently observed are: chlormequat on oats, dithiocarbamates on cabbages and leeks on dithiocarbamates, amitraz in pears and bromide ion on lettuce.

     Regarding the national control plans implemented in 2010, 97.2% of samples were found to comply with European regulations (<LMR), 2,8% be non-compliant samples (> MRL).
The main MRL exceedances were detected for legumes (beans with pods, for example), spices, nuts, raisins and table tank, leafy vegetables (lettuce, for example) and fresh herbs.
Couples pesticide / matrix with the most frequently exceeded MRLs are acetamiprid and dimethomorph on cabbage and broccoli, chlormequat on table grapes, Dimethoate on peas, bromide ion on chestnut and walnut pyridaben and fipronil on cabbage, carbendazim on lychees and yams and rice on isoprothiolane.

Babyfood samples: 1828 samples were analyzed, 2% of the samples had concentrations above the MRL (0.01mg/kg by default except for the pesticides listed in the EU Regulation 2006/141 which has the lowest MRL). The MRL exceedances were associated residues of captan, anthraquinone, cypermethrin (sum), Chlorpyrifos, imazalil and pirimiphos-methyl.

BIO samples: 3571 samples were analyzed bio. At European level no MRLs are set for products of biological origin of this fact, it has been used in this study MRLs conventional to make an inventory.
For organic fruits and nuts a small percentage exceeded MRL was identified (0.9%) compared to the percentage of passing on conventional fruits and nuts (2.9%).
For organic vegetables it is exceeded 1% against 3.8% for conventional vegetables.
131 different substances were detected in organic products.

Processed food: 14146 samples were analyzed, 1.1% of the samples showed exceedances of MRLs.

The results of the program coordinated by the EU have been used to evaluate the dietary exposure.
The assessment of long-term exposure, which was performed for each active ingredient, showed no risk to consumer health. The short-term evaluation focused on the 12 food program coordinated by the EU and said that in the worst case scenario, a risk could not be excluded for 79 of the 18 243 samples.
We invite you to read the report of this study directly on the site efsa to the following address: